Network and Computer Security
Network security is a key method of preventing the spread of malware to computers connected to a network!
In order to ensure protection, your home and work network should be password protected to prevent unwanted users from reaching your network. The connection should be encrypted and secured correctly (e.g. WPA). You can also find key-logging encryption and IP Address masking / hiding software to prevent Keyloggers and Hackers from compromising your security.
You should also make sure that every computer connected to the network has an adequate firewall program installed to further protect users from malicious traffic.
In terms of general computing, there are recommended guidelines to support and follow in order to keep your computer malware free!
RYM recommends that you follow these steps carefully:
1. Watch what you are Downloading and Installing! – Sometimes, in order to deal with finances, companies allow third parties to place their products as third-party software with a legitimate download. Each download of the third-party software earns the legitimate company money for sponsoring the third-party product.
These third-party products may be malicious!
In order to prevent the download of potentially unwanted programs (PUP’s) you need to pay attention to the installer or download instead of speeding through the process by clicking “Next” until the software is installed – You wouldn’t sign a contract until you’ve read it would you?
If you see a third-party program that you do not want, DECLINE IT! usually there is a button that allows you to decline the software. If not, untick EVERY box related to the third-party software! If you cannot decline the software, you probably shouldn’t install any of the products available. It’s clearly not worth it if you don’t have the free will to say no!
2. Listen to your security! – If your security solution tell you to delete or quarantine a program, then you should do what your security solution says!
3. Never open strange e-mail attachments! – Even if it’s from a trusted friend or family member, don’t open until you know a few things:
Where/who does the email client say it came from?
What is the senders specified email address?
Does it look like their unique way of writing an email or message?
Do they even use emails or instant messaging in the first place?
If you are unsure whether the attachment is safe, ask them in person or give them a call.
Better to be safe than sorry!
4. Disable your internet connection when not in use! – Whether you are playing on an offline game or writing a book, you should disconnect your computer from the internet when not in use.
You may not be using it, but a hacker still can!
5. If you are not using your computer, TURN IT OFF! – Whilst you’re away from the screen, bad things can happen! Malware can compromise your computer, spread through the network and cause tons of damage just because the computer was on at the time. If you’re not using your computer, turn it off or hibernate it!
6. Keep everything updated! – If you’re using an older version of Internet Explorer or an outdated Java plugin, or if your antivirus is due an update of any kind, then by ignoring the update, you put your computer under risk of a security flaw that might be exploited by malware! Keep everything updated to prevent a malicious breakthrough!
7. If you can, protect your identity online! – Never reveal passwords, usernames, phone numbers or personal details to a stranger. If you’re on an instant messaging site, keep your personal and private information just that – private! Never reveal anything important or personal on your social network where everyone can see it. Report dangerous authorities online!